You can use
open -a typora xxx.md to open the markdown file
xxx.md in Typora from a command line. If Typora is your default editor for
.md files, when
open xxx.md would be enough.
You can also add
alias typora="open -a typora"
.bash_profile or other configuration file, then you would be able to simply type
typora xxx.md instead.
If Typora is set as the default markdown editor, then in cmd.exe, then typing
start example.md will open this markdown file.
To set Typora as the default markdown editor:
Figure 1 - File properties window
Figure 2 - Application chooser window
After installing Typora on Linux, user can run
typora directly in terminal, for example: